Professional research paper cover page
These smaller sections, in turn, use different heading styles to indicate different levels of information.
In essence, you are using headings to create a hierarchy of information. The following heading styles used in APA formatting are listed in order of greatest to least importance:. Visually, the hierarchy of information is organized as indicated in Table A college research paper may not use all the heading levels shown in Table For a brief paper, you may find that level 1 headings suffice. Longer or more complex papers may need level 2 headings or other lower-level headings to organize information clearly. Use your outline to craft your major section headings and determine whether any subtopics are substantial enough to require additional levels of headings.
Throughout the body of your paper, include a citation whenever you quote or paraphrase material from your research sources.
Your in-text citations provide basic information about your source; each source you cite will have a longer entry in the references section that provides more detailed information. In-text citations must provide the name of the author or authors and the year the source was published. When a given source does not list an individual author, you may provide the source title or the name of the organization that published the material instead.
When directly quoting a source, it is also required that you include the page number where the quote appears in your citation. This information may be included within the sentence or in a parenthetical reference at the end of the sentence, as in these examples. The page number appears in parentheses after the closing quotation marks and before the period that ends the sentence.
What Is a Research Paper ?
Again, the parenthetical citation is placed after the closing quotation marks and before the period at the end of the sentence. Here, the writer chose to mention the source title in the sentence an optional piece of information to include and followed the title with a parenthetical citation. Note that the parenthetical citation is placed before the comma that signals the end of the introductory phrase. Another variation is to introduce the author and the source title in your sentence and include the publication date and page number in parentheses within the sentence or at the end of the sentence.
As long as you have included the essential information, you can choose the option that works best for that particular sentence and source. Citing a book with a single author is usually a straightforward task. Of course, your research may require that you cite many other types of sources, such as books or articles with more than one author or sources with no individual author listed. You may also need to cite sources available in both print and online and nonprint sources, such as websites and personal interviews.
APA is just one of several different styles with its own guidelines for documentation, formatting, and language usage.
Depending on your field of interest, you may be exposed to additional styles, such as the following:. The brief citations included in the body of your paper correspond to the more detailed citations provided at the end of the paper in the references section.
General Formatting Guidelines
Again, this information allows your reader to follow up on the sources you cited and do additional reading about the topic if desired. The specific format of entries in the list of references varies slightly for different source types, but the entries generally include the following information:. If an entry continues for more than one line, the second line and each subsequent line are indented five spaces. Review the following example.
In APA style, book and article titles are formatted in sentence case, not title case. Sentence case means that only the first word is capitalized, along with any proper nouns. Write an abstract summarizing your paper. Briefly introduce the topic, state your findings, and sum up what conclusions you can draw from your research.
APA Title Page
Use the word count feature of your word-processing program to make sure your abstract does not exceed one hundred fifty words. Begin formatting the final draft of your paper according to APA guidelines.
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You may work with an existing document or set up a new document if you choose. Include the following:. Include your title and at least two to three major section headings, and follow the formatting guidelines provided above. If the author covers a problem which was not recently discussed, it may be difficult to prove the significance of the research question.
Format for a Research Paper - A Research Guide for Students
As the years pass by, young people realize that conducting research is a crucial process in their careers. All professions require this skill. It is critical to memorize the structure and main ideas of the paper by heart, so read how to perfect your research capabilities. Generally, writing a paper requires certain components that should be an integral part of the work, and these are:. Before you begin the draft, go to any site which cannot be edited by online users; keep in mind Wikipedia and Quora are not considered good academic sources. You need to conduct a study even before you develop the beginning of your paper.
A title has to be selected wisely after you decide on the topic. Going back to the process of choosing resources, it is critical to keep in mind that any credible material has all rights reserved. When there is copyright, you need permission to cite the source before printing out every page of your final version. Being a student, you might not receive such approval. You need to reference the sources you use correctly in your text to avoid problems. There are many sites where you can find excellent paper topics if your teacher does not assign a specific subject.
FAQ: How do I make an APA cover sheet?
On the internet, you can see the best literature resources as well. When choosing the topic and relevant information, have a look at the date. It is recommended to use the most up-to-date sources: please do not select sources that are older than five years.
The data provided by them may be outdated. Unreliable sources may contain false information. We can write a separate page on how to select sources correctly, but this article has a focus on the general rules of writing a research paper. You have come up with the title page and the main idea so far. You have defined your target audience. You have collected the necessary information using credible sources: books, textbooks, academic journals, newspapers, etc. Do not forget that you can count on our services. We are ready to pick a good title for your paper and make an outline.
Thesis statement or called merely thesis is the essence of your research paper. Example of the works cited page: Example of the works cited page. Online Writing Lab.
Never set the font size larger than Important Note: In the newest Microsoft Word settings, adding extra spaces between paragraphs is a default setting and must be disabled by the writer; otherwise, extra spaces will be automatically created. Here is how to format an MLA cover page: This page is double-spaced and the letters are centered. Type the name of your university or college. Skip to about one-third of the page and type the research paper title, including subtitle if there is one.
The works cited list is placed at the end of the paper, beginning on a new page.